We thought we’d share with you what a few such visualizations would look like.
Old Testament Citations in the New Testament
This chart shows, at a verse level, where the New Testament cites the Old Testament. You can see clusters in the Law, Psalms, Isaiah, and Minor Prophets.
See a large (3200-pixel-wide) version of the above chart.
All Cross References
The below chart shows all 80,000 cross references found in the ESV Classic Reference Edition.
These cross references come in four types, which appear in different colors on the chart:
- Direct citations (red)
- References to words and phrases (gray)
- Thematic references (blue)
- Less-direct references (green)
Most cross references point to nearby passages: thus the central axis. You can particularly see lots of cross references in the Psalms (near the middle of the chart) and the New Testament (the upper right). Revelation references to Genesis are in the upper left.
The chart is largely symmetrical, which you’d expect in a good cross reference system: referenced verses should (for the most part) point to the verses referring to them.
Download the data behind these charts. This zip file also contains the PHP file we used to generate the plot.