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The Septuagint: What It Is and Why It Matters

By Greg Lanier, William A. Ross

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The Septuagint: What It Is and Why It Matters

By Greg Lanier, William A. Ross

... Show All

A Thorough, Accessible Introduction to the Greek Translation of the Old Testament

Scholars and laypeople alike have stumbled over Bible footnotes about the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament. Many wonder, What is it? Why do some verses differ from the Hebrew text? Is it important to Scripture?

In this introduction to the Septuagint, Gregory R. Lanier and William A. Ross clarify its origin, transmission, and language. By studying its significance for both the Old and New Testaments, believers can understand the Septuagint’s place in Judeo-Christian history as well as in the church today.

Read Chapter 1


Greg Lanier

Greg Lanier (PhD, University of Cambridge) is associate professor of New Testament at Reformed Theological Seminary in Orlando, Florida. He also serves as associate pastor of River Oaks Church (PCA). He has published multiple books and scholarly articles on early Christology, the Gospels, the Septuagint, and other topics. Greg and his wife, Kate, live in Florida with their three daughters.

William A. Ross

William A. Ross (PhD, University of Cambridge) is assistant professor of Old Testament at Reformed Theological Seminary in Charlotte, North Carolina. His research and publications focus on the Septuagint, Judaism, and linguistics. He coedited the T&T Clark Handbook of Septuagint Research and is a contributor to the ongoing Historical and Theological Lexicon of the Septuagint project. Will and his wife, Kelli, have four children.

Product Details

Category: Biblical Studies
Format: Paperback
Page Count: 224
Size: 5.25 in x 8.0 in
Weight: 8.57 ounces
ISBN-10: 1-4335-7052-1
ISBN-13: 978-1-4335-7052-0
ISBN-UPC: 9781433570520
Case Quantity: 48
Published: November 02, 2021

Table of Contents


Part 1: What Is the Septuagint? 
Chapter 1: What (If Anything) Is the So-Called Septuagint?
Chapter 2: Who and Where Did the Greek Old Testament Come From?
Chapter 3: How Was the Greek Old Testament Translated? 
Chapter 4: How Did the Greek Old Testament Develop?
Part 2: Why Does It Matter?
Chapter 5: Why Does the Septuagint Matter for Studying the Old Testament?
Chapter 6: Why Does the Septuagint Matter for Studying the New Testament?
Chapter 7: What Kind of Authority Does the Septuagint Have?

Appendix: The Septuagint: Ten Key Questions


“It is good to have Lanier and Ross as reliable guides to the tricky but fascinating domain of the Greek Old Testament. Their short introduction is a rare achievement: introducing the complexities behind the term ‘Septuagint’ in a simple way without compromising accuracy. An excellent book.”
Peter J. Williams, Principal, Tyndale House, Cambridge

“Pastors and seminary students regularly ask me about the Septuagint and its significance for a modern, English-speaking Christian. The Septuagint: What It Is and Why It Matters is my new number-one recommended resource for these inquiries. The book is informed by a scholarly knowledge of the subject, yet it remains accessible and a pleasure to read.”
Robert L. Plummer, Collin and Evelyn Aikman Professor of Biblical Studies, The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary; Founder and Host, Daily Dose of Greek

“Interested in the Septuagint? Start here. This accessible introduction carefully navigates the what and the so what of the Septuagint, charting a steady course through a quagmire of complex issues. Tricky matters are treated with scholarly precision and theological sensitivity, and readers will find a corrective both to an overemphasis and to an underemphasis on the Septuagint. This book will be useful to the beginning student, the graduate student, the pastor, and anyone interested in learning more about how we got the Bible.”
Brandon D. Crowe, Professor of New Testament, Westminster Theological Seminary

“In class I’m regularly asked how much value and authority we should attribute to the Septuagint. The answer is complex, but students are looking for clear answers. As a teacher, I had yet to come across a clear yet precise resource explaining the origins and role of the Septuagint—until now. Lanier and Ross have produced a book I will be recommending each time this question is posed. I highly recommend it.”
Patrick Schreiner, Associate Professor of New Testament and Biblical Theology, Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary

“The Septuagint is unfamiliar and intimidating to most Bible students. I don’t know of a more accessible introduction than this book.”
Andrew David Naselli, Associate Professor of Systematic Theology and New Testament, Bethlehem College & Seminary; Pastor, Bethlehem Baptist Church

“The Septuagint is a minefield of quandaries for both Bible scholar and devoted layperson: Why is the Septuagint in my Bible’s footnotes, offering a different reading from the main text or the source for the reading in the main text? Why do the New Testament authors quote from the Septuagint and not the Hebrew? In this book, Lanier and Ross know the minefield and ably guide readers through the potential dangers related to terminology, the task of ancient translation, textual and translational histories, canonical formation, and biblical authority and lead them safely to the other side. I happily recommend this book!”
John D. Meade, Associate Professor of Old Testament; Codirector, Text & Canon Institute, Phoenix Seminary; coauthor, The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity